Тема: Голосні в закритому положенні з наступним «r»
When a vowel is followed by an r, it makes a special sound. These are called r-controlled vowels, or r-colored vowels. These phonemes are as follows:
/ar/ sound as in car, guitar, Arthur
/âr/ sound as in care, bear, mare, scare, aquarium
/îr/ sound as in pier
/ir/ sound as in turnip, spider, certificate, and beaver
/or/ sound as in manor, observatory, author, brought, and orchard
/er/ sound as in butter, cutter, and mother
Usually, /ar/ always sounds like the ar in car, and /or/ always sounds like the or in for. The ir, er, and ur, sound the same as in bird, her, and fur. These all make a /ər/ sound.
-ar bar car far jar mar par tar char scar spar star
-arm arm farm harm charm
-arn barn darn yarn
-ard bard yard hard card
-arge barge large charge
-ark bark dark hark lark mark park shark stark
-arp carp harp tarp sharp
-art cart dart mart part tart chart smart start
-erge merge serge verge
-erk jerk clerk
-erm germ term
ern fern tern stern
-erve nerve serve verve swerve
-ir fir sir stir whir
-ird bird gird third
-irk quirk shirk smirk
-irt dirt flirt shirt skirt squirt
-irth birth firth girth mirth
-orch porch torch scorch
-ord cord lord chord sword
-ork cork fork pork stork
-orm dorm form storm
-orn born corn horn morn torn worn scorn sworn thorn
-ort fort port sort short snort sport
-ur cur fur blur spur
-urb curb suburb
-url burl curl furl hurl purl churl
-urn burn turn churn spurn
urse curse nurse purse
-urt curt hurt blurt spurt
Part One: Listen and repeat from left to right.
bar bare beer burr bore boor
par pear peer purr pour poor
far fare fear fur for
Part Two: Minimal Pairs
Listen to the three words. Two will be the same. One will be different. Write 1 if the first
one is different, write 2 if the second, and write 3 if the third one is different on the line
1. _____ 2. _____ 3. _____ 4. _____ 5. _____
Part Three: Word Missing
Listen and write in the missing words.
1. Did he go to the _____________ mission?
2. Did he go to the _____________ mission?
3. He bought four ___________ at the fair.
4. He bought four ___________ at the fair.
5. Barb really didn't want see the ____________.
6. Barb really didn't want see the ____________.
7. Larry and Laura __________ their carvings last night.
8. Larry and Laura __________ their carvings last night.
9. The four girls waited for __________.
10. The four girls waited for __________.
Part Four: Dictation: Listen to the sentences and write them on the lines below.
Part Five: Questions for Answers Given
In this section, you will hear 5 answers. You will not hear the questions. Listen carefully to
the answer, and then record the question in the space provided on your tape by using your
Example: ______________________? I'm fine, thanks.
(you record "How are you?" onto your tape BEFORE the answer.)
5. Were there